CALL TO ORDER: 800-447-7276 x1385
- Irving DG: Apparent non-indolic ehrlich-positive substances related to mental illness. J Neuropsychiat, 1961;2:292-305.
- Hoffer A, Mahon M: The presence of unidentified substances in the urine of psychiatric patients. J Neuropsychiat, 1961;2:331-397.
- Irvine DG, Bayne W, et al: Identification of kryptopyrrole in human urine and its relationship to psychosis. Nature, 1969;224:811-813.
- Jackson JA, Riordan HD, Neathery S: Vitamins, blood lead and urine pyrroles in Down Syndrome patients. Amer Clin Lab, 1990:Jan- Feb:8-9.
- Pfeiffer CC, Lliev V: Pyrroluria, urinary mauve factor, causes double deficiency of B6 and zinc in schizophrenics. Fed Proc, 1973;32:276.
- Jackson JA, Riordan HD, Neathery S, Riordan N: Urinary pyrroles in health and disease. J Orthomol Med, 1997: 12;2:96-98.
- CPT CODE:
- 84999 x3
- COLLECTION CONTAINER:
- Clean container
- MINIMUM VOLUME:
- 2 mL
- NORMAL VALUES:
- Normal reference range is less than 20 ug/dL. A "borderline" value is between 10 to 20 ug/dL.
- PATIENT PREP:
- (1) If first time testing for pyrroles, discontinue taking any B6 or Zinc one week prior to collecting specimen. (2) If under treatment for pyrroluria, continue taking vitamin B6 and Zinc
- PROCESS TIME:
- 5 to 7 business days
- REJECTION CAUSES:
- Ascorbic acid not used to maintain specimen stability
- SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
A more comprehensive evaluation of pyrrole excretion may be done by collecting 3 specimens:
Specimen #1: Collected in a calm mental state
Specimen #2: Collected in an anxious mental state
Specimen #3: Collected in an extreme anxious ment
- SPECIMEN VOLUME:
- Approximately 8 mL urine added to 500mg of ascorbic acid. Stable at least 1 month if kept frozen.
- STATE & SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS:
- We cannot ship lab kits to NY, AK, HI, or international
- TRANSPORT CONTAINER:
- Amber plastic transport tube or protected from light
- TRANSPORT INSTRUCTIONS: